Most of the youngsters whom I treated in the early years of my practice, were referred by social services, and Education departments of Municipalities in central Israel, and were identified as "adolescents at risk". Many of them had previously refused to cooperate with other forms of psychotherapy.  Anat examined and discussed the challenges of working with these youngsters, and our discussions led us to the topic of what is traditionally known as non-compliance, resistance to therapy, and reactance of adolescents.